Todestag von Elvis Presley. Leben und Sterben Elvis Presley spielte in 31 Filmen mit, von denen er in 30 die Hauptrolle inne hatte. Hier mit Ann Margret in. Bis Elvis Presleys offizielle Todesursache bekannt wurde, vergingen mehrere Monate. In dieser Zeit und vor allem auch danach wurde viel über seinen Tod. Der Enkel des "King of Rock'n'Roll" Elvis Presley ist im Alter von 27 Jahren gestorben. Elvis Presley: 40 Jahre nach seinem Tod lebt er weiter.
Elvis Presley: Der einsame Tod des King of Rock 'n' Roll„Elvis Presleys Tod nimmt unserem Land ein Stück von sich selbst. Er war einzigartig und unersetzlich. Mehr als Elvis Presley. Der einsame Tod des King Of Rock'n'Roll: Die einen sagen, es war Elvis Presleys Fettleibigkeit, die anderen, dass es ein Medikamenten-Cocktail. Sollte Elvis Presleys Leiche entführt werden? Schon zwei Tage nach seinem Tod wurde Presley am August auf dem öffentlichen Forest.
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In January, Neal signed a formal management contract with Presley and brought him to the attention of Colonel Tom Parker , whom he considered the best promoter in the music business.
Parker—who claimed to be from West Virginia he was actually Dutch —had acquired an honorary colonel's commission from country singer turned Louisiana governor Jimmie Davis.
Having successfully managed top country star Eddy Arnold , Parker was working with the new number-one country singer, Hank Snow.
Parker booked Presley on Snow's February tour. I just didn't know what to make of it. There was just no reference point in the culture to compare it.
According to Neal, many country-music disc jockeys would not play it because he sounded too much like a black artist and none of the rhythm-and-blues stations would touch him because "he sounded too much like a hillbilly.
Presley renewed Neal's management contract in August , simultaneously appointing Parker as his special adviser. So many of them, through some sort of jealousy, would practically hate him.
There were occasions in some towns in Texas when we'd have to be sure to have a police guard because somebody'd always try to take a crack at him.
They'd get a gang and try to waylay him or something. In mid-October, they played a few shows in support of Bill Haley , whose " Rock Around the Clock " track had been a number-one hit the previous year.
Haley observed that Presley had a natural feel for rhythm, and advised him to sing fewer ballads. Songwriters were obliged to forgo one-third of their customary royalties in exchange for having him perform their compositions.
The program, produced in New York, was hosted on alternate weeks by big band leaders and brothers Tommy and Jimmy Dorsey. The sessions yielded eight songs, including a cover of Carl Perkins ' rockabilly anthem " Blue Suede Shoes ".
RCA released Presley's self-titled debut album on March Joined by five previously unreleased Sun recordings, its seven recently recorded tracks were of a broad variety.
There were two country songs and a bouncy pop tune. As described by Hilburn, these "were the most revealing of all.
Unlike many white artists He not only injected the tunes with his own vocal character but also made guitar, not piano, the lead instrument in all three cases.
Rodman argued that the album's cover image, "of Elvis having the time of his life on stage with a guitar in his hands played a crucial role in positioning the guitar His performance, on the deck of the USS Hancock in San Diego , California, prompted cheers and screams from an audience of sailors and their dates.
It became the new closing number of his act. Edgar Hoover. It warned that "Presley is a definite danger to the security of the United States.
After the show, more than 1, teenagers tried to gang into Presley's room at the auditorium. Indications of the harm Presley did just in La Crosse were the two high school girls Berle persuaded Presley to leave his guitar backstage, advising, "Let 'em see you, son.
Presley has no discernible singing ability. His phrasing, if it can be called that, consists of the stereotyped variations that go with a beginner's aria in a bathtub.
His one specialty is an accented movement of the body Elvis, who rotates his pelvis Allen, no fan of rock and roll, introduced a "new Elvis" in a white bow tie and black tails.
Presley sang "Hound Dog" for less than a minute to a basset hound wearing a top hat and bow tie. As described by television historian Jake Austen, "Allen thought Presley was talentless and absurd I don't want to do anything to make people dislike me.
I think TV is important so I'm going to go along, but I won't be able to give the kind of show I do in a personal appearance. Pressed on whether he had learned anything from the criticism to which he was being subjected, Presley responded, "No, I haven't, I don't feel like I'm doing anything wrong.
I don't see how any type of music would have any bad influence on people when it's only music. I mean, how would rock 'n' roll music make anyone rebel against their parents?
A few days later, Presley made an outdoor concert appearance in Memphis, at which he announced, "You know, those people in New York are not gonna change me none.
I'm gonna show you what the real Elvis is like tonight. Throughout the following performance, he largely kept still, except for wiggling his little finger suggestively in mockery of the order.
According to Elvis legend, Presley was shot only from the waist up. Watching clips of the Allen and Berle shows with his producer, Sullivan had opined that Presley "got some kind of device hanging down below the crotch of his pants—so when he moves his legs back and forth you can see the outline of his cock.
I think it's a Coke bottle. We just can't have this on a Sunday night. This is a family show! Though the camerawork was relatively discreet during his debut, with leg-concealing closeups when he danced, the studio audience reacted in customary style: screaming.
Accompanying Presley's rise to fame, a cultural shift was taking place that he both helped inspire and came to symbolize. Igniting the "biggest pop craze since Glenn Miller and Frank Sinatra Presley brought rock'n'roll into the mainstream of popular culture", writes historian Marty Jezer.
Presley, more than anyone else, gave the young a belief in themselves as a distinct and somehow unified generation—the first in America ever to feel the power of an integrated youth culture.
The audience response at Presley's live shows became increasingly fevered. Moore recalled, "He'd start out, 'You ain't nothin' but a Hound Dog,' and they'd just go to pieces.
They'd always react the same way. There'd be a riot every time. The album includes "Old Shep", which he sang at the talent show in , and which now marked the first time he played piano on an RCA session.
According to Guralnick, one can hear "in the halting chords and the somewhat stumbling rhythm both the unmistakable emotion and the equally unmistakable valuing of emotion over technique.
Presley returned to the Sullivan show at its main studio in New York, hosted this time by its namesake, on October After the performance, crowds in Nashville and St.
Louis burned him in effigy. Though he was not top-billed, the film's original title— The Reno Brothers —was changed to capitalize on his latest number-one record: "Love Me Tender" had hit the top of the charts earlier that month.
To further take advantage of Presley's popularity, four musical numbers were added to what was originally a straight acting role.
The film was panned by the critics but did very well at the box office. Though Phillips no longer had the right to release any Presley material, he made sure that the session was captured on tape.
The results, none officially released for 25 years, became known as the " Million Dollar Quartet " recordings.
Presley made his third and final Ed Sullivan Show appearance on January 6, —on this occasion indeed shot only down to the waist. Some commentators have claimed that Parker orchestrated an appearance of censorship to generate publicity.
Leaving behind the bland clothes he had worn on the first two shows, he stepped out in the outlandish costume of a pasha, if not a harem girl.
From the make-up over his eyes, the hair falling in his face, the overwhelmingly sexual cast of his mouth, he was playing Rudolph Valentino in The Sheik , with all stops out.
At the end of the show, Sullivan declared Presley "a real decent, fine boy". Already an international star, he was attracting fans even where his music was not officially released.
The title track was written by Leiber and Stoller, who were then retained to write four of the six songs recorded at the sessions for Jailhouse Rock , Presley's next film.
The songwriting team effectively produced the Jailhouse sessions and developed a close working relationship with Presley, who came to regard them as his "good-luck charm".
Presley undertook three brief tours during the year, continuing to generate a crazed audience response. In a magazine article, he decried rock and roll as "brutal, ugly, degenerate, vicious.
It fosters almost totally negative and destructive reactions in young people. It smells phoney and false.
It is sung, played and written, for the most part, by cretinous goons. This rancid-smelling aphrodisiac I deplore. He has a right to say what he wants to say.
He is a great success and a fine actor, but I think he shouldn't have said it. This is a trend, just the same as he faced when he started years ago.
Leiber and Stoller were again in the studio for the recording of Elvis' Christmas Album. Toward the end of the session, they wrote a song on the spot at Presley's request: " Santa Claus Is Back in Town ", an innuendo-laden blues.
Though they were brought back on a per diem basis a few weeks later, it was clear that they had not been part of Presley's inner circle for some time.
A couple of weeks into the new year, " Don't ", another Leiber and Stoller tune, became Presley's tenth number-one seller.
It had been only 21 months since "Heartbreak Hotel" had brought him to the top for the first time. Recording sessions for the King Creole soundtrack were held in Hollywood in mid-January Leiber and Stoller provided three songs and were again on hand, but it would be the last time they and Presley worked closely together.
They kept him separate. On March 24, , Presley was drafted into the U. His arrival was a major media event.
Hundreds of people descended on Presley as he stepped from the bus; photographers then accompanied him into the fort.
Presley commenced basic training at Fort Hood , Texas. During a two-week leave in early June, he recorded five songs in Nashville. Presley was granted emergency leave to visit her and arrived in Memphis on August Two days later, she died of heart failure at the age of Presley was devastated and never the same;   their relationship had remained extremely close—even into his adulthood, they would use baby talk with each other and Presley would address her with pet names.
He became "practically evangelical about their benefits", not only for energy but for "strength" and weight loss as well, and many of his friends in the outfit joined him in indulging.
It became a lifelong interest, which he later included in his live performances. He donated his Army pay to charity, purchased TV sets for the base, and bought an extra set of fatigues for everyone in his outfit.
While in Friedberg, Presley met year-old Priscilla Beaulieu. They would eventually marry after a seven-and-a-half-year courtship.
In Special Services , he would have been able to give musical performances and remain in touch with the public, but Parker had convinced him that to gain popular respect, he should serve his country as a regular soldier.
Armed with a substantial amount of unreleased material, they kept up a regular stream of successful releases.
Presley returned to the United States on March 2, , and was honorably discharged three days later with the rank of sergeant.
The album features several songs described by Greil Marcus as full of Chicago blues "menace, driven by Presley's own super-miked acoustic guitar, brilliant playing by Scotty Moore, and demonic sax work from Boots Randolph.
Elvis' singing wasn't sexy, it was pornographic. Presley returned to television on May 12 as a guest on The Frank Sinatra Timex Special —ironic for both stars, given Sinatra's earlier excoriation of rock and roll.
Also known as Welcome Home Elvis , the show had been taped in late March, the only time all year Presley performed in front of an audience.
The broadcast drew an enormous viewership. Blues , the soundtrack to Presley's first film since his return, was a number-one album in October.
It reached number 13 on the U. In February , Presley performed two shows for a benefit event in Memphis, on behalf of 24 local charities.
During a luncheon preceding the event, RCA presented him with a plaque certifying worldwide sales of over 75 million records.
Presaging much of what was to come from Presley himself over the next half-decade, the album is largely "a pleasant, unthreatening pastiche of the music that had once been Elvis' birthright".
Another benefit concert, raising money for a Pearl Harbor memorial, was staged on March 25, in Hawaii. It was to be Presley's last public performance for seven years.
Parker had by now pushed Presley into a heavy film making schedule, focused on formulaic, modestly budgeted musical comedies. Presley, at first, insisted on pursuing higher roles, but when two films in a more dramatic vein— Flaming Star and Wild in the Country —were less commercially successful, he reverted to the formula.
Among the 27 films he made during the s, there were a few further exceptions. Hal Wallis , who produced nine of them, declared, "A Presley picture is the only sure thing in Hollywood.
Of Presley's films in the s, 15 were accompanied by soundtrack albums and another 5 by soundtrack EPs. The films' rapid production and release schedules—he frequently starred in three a year—affected his music.
According to Jerry Leiber, the soundtrack formula was already evident before Presley left for the Army: "three ballads, one medium-tempo [number], one up-tempo, and one break blues boogie".
But by and large, according to biographer Jerry Hopkins , the numbers seemed to be "written on order by men who never really understood Elvis or rock and roll".
In the first half of the decade, three of Presley's soundtrack albums were ranked number one on the pop charts, and a few of his most popular songs came from his films, such as " Can't Help Falling in Love " and " Return to Sender " But, as with artistic merit, the commercial returns steadily diminished.
During a five-year span— through —Presley had only one top-ten hit: " Crying in the Chapel " , a gospel number recorded back in As for non-film albums, between the June release of Pot Luck and the November release of the soundtrack to the television special that signaled his comeback, only one LP of new material by Presley was issued: the gospel album How Great Thou Art Shortly before Christmas , more than seven years since they first met, Presley proposed to Priscilla Beaulieu.
They were married on May 1, , in a brief ceremony in their suite at the Aladdin Hotel in Las Vegas. It was not until October , when the Clambake soundtrack LP registered record low sales for a new Presley album, that RCA executives recognized a problem.
Presley's only child, Lisa Marie , was born on February 1, , during a period when he had grown deeply unhappy with his career.
Parker had already shifted his plans to television, where Presley had not appeared since the Sinatra Timex show in He maneuvered a deal with NBC that committed the network to both finance a theatrical feature and broadcast a Christmas special.
Recorded in late June in Burbank, California , the special, simply called Elvis , aired on December 3, Later known as the '68 Comeback Special, the show featured lavishly staged studio productions as well as songs performed with a band in front of a small audience—Presley's first live performances since The live segments saw Presley dressed in tight black leather, singing and playing guitar in an uninhibited style reminiscent of his early rock and roll days.
Director and co-producer Steve Binder had worked hard to produce a show that was far from the hour of Christmas songs Parker had originally planned.
He sang with the kind of power people no longer expect of rock 'n' roll singers. He moved his body with a lack of pretension and effort that must have made Jim Morrison green with envy.
The soundtrack album rose into the top ten. According to friend Jerry Schilling , the special reminded Presley of what "he had not been able to do for years, being able to choose the people; being able to choose what songs and not being told what had to be on the soundtrack.
He was out of prison, man. I give you my word I will never sing a song I don't believe in. Buoyed by the experience of the Comeback Special, Presley engaged in a prolific series of recording sessions at American Sound Studio , which led to the acclaimed From Elvis in Memphis.
Released in June , it was his first secular, non-soundtrack album from a dedicated period in the studio in eight years. As described by Dave Marsh, it is "a masterpiece in which Presley immediately catches up with pop music trends that had seemed to pass him by during the movie years.
He sings country songs, soul songs and rockers with real conviction, a stunning achievement. Presley was keen to resume regular live performing.
Following the success of the Comeback Special, offers came in from around the world. He responded, "That's fine for me, now how much can you get for Elvis?
He was scheduled to perform 57 shows over four weeks beginning July Moore, Fontana, and the Jordanaires declined to participate, afraid of losing the lucrative session work they had in Nashville.
Presley assembled new, top-notch accompaniment, led by guitarist James Burton and including two gospel groups, The Imperials and Sweet Inspirations.
Parker, who intended to make Presley's return the show business event of the year, oversaw a major promotional push. For his part, hotel owner Kirk Kerkorian arranged to send his own plane to New York to fly in rock journalists for the debut performance.
Presley took to the stage without introduction. The audience of 2,, including many celebrities, gave him a standing ovation before he sang a note and another after his performance.
A third followed his encore, "Can't Help Falling in Love" a song that would be his closing number for much of the s. Cassandra Peterson , later television's Elvira, met Presley during this period in Las Vegas, where she was working as a showgirl.
She recalled of their encounter, "He was so anti-drug when I met him. I mentioned to him that I smoked marijuana, and he was just appalled.
He said, 'Don't ever do that again. Several of his family members had been alcoholics, a fate he intended to avoid. Presley returned to the International early in for the first of the year's two-month-long engagements, performing two shows a night.
Recordings from these shows were issued on the album On Stage. Presley was performing in a jumpsuit, which would become a trademark of his live act.
Presley had been the target of many threats since the s, often without his knowledge. Presley went onstage with a Derringer in his right boot and a.
The album, That's the Way It Is , produced to accompany the documentary and featuring both studio and live recordings, marked a stylistic shift.
As music historian John Robertson noted, "The authority of Presley's singing helped disguise the fact that the album stepped decisively away from the American-roots inspiration of the Memphis sessions towards a more middle-of-the-road sound.
Another week-long tour, of the West Coast, followed in November. On December 21, , Presley engineered a meeting with President Richard Nixon at the White House , where he expressed his patriotism and explained how he believed he could reach out to the hippies to help combat the drug culture he and the president abhorred.
He asked Nixon for a Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs badge, to add to similar items he had begun collecting and to signify official sanction of his patriotic efforts.
Nixon, who apparently found the encounter awkward, expressed a belief that Presley could send a positive message to young people and that it was, therefore, important that he "retain his credibility".
On hearing reports of the meeting, Paul McCartney later said that he "felt a bit betrayed. The great joke was that we were taking [illegal] drugs, and look what happened to him", a reference to Presley's early death, linked to prescription drug abuse.
The U. Best received by critics was Elvis Country , a concept record that focused on genre standards. If [Presley's] sin was his lifelessness, it was his sinfulness that brought him to life".
A date tour commenced with an unprecedented four consecutive sold-out shows at New York's Madison Square Garden.
After the tour, the single " Burning Love " was released—Presley's last top ten hit on the U. Presley and his wife, meanwhile, had become increasingly distant, barely cohabiting.
In , an affair he had with Joyce Bova resulted—unbeknownst to him—in her pregnancy and an abortion. Priscilla related that when she told him, Presley "grabbed Presley replied, "Well, the image is one thing and the human being another In January , Presley performed two benefit concerts for the Kui Lee Cancer Fund in connection with a groundbreaking TV special, Aloha from Hawaii , which would be the first concert by a solo artist to be aired globally.
The first show served as a practice run and backup should technical problems affect the live broadcast two days later. In Japan, where it capped a nationwide Elvis Presley Week, it smashed viewing records.
The next night, it was simulcast to 28 European countries, and in April an extended version finally aired in the U.
As described by Bobbie Ann Mason , "At the end of the show, when he spreads out his American Eagle cape, with the full stretched wings of the eagle studded on the back, he becomes a god figure.
At a midnight show the same month, four men rushed onto the stage in an apparent attack. Security men came to Presley's defense, and he ejected one invader from the stage himself.
Following the show, he became obsessed with the idea that the men had been sent by Mike Stone to kill him. Though they were shown to have been only overexuberant fans, he raged, "There's too much pain in me Stone [must] die.
After another two full days of raging, Red West , his friend and bodyguard, felt compelled to get a price for a contract killing and was relieved when Presley decided, "Aw hell, let's just leave it for now.
Maybe it's a bit heavy. Presley's divorce was finalized on October 9, Twice during the year, he overdosed on barbiturates , spending three days in a coma in his hotel suite after the first incident.
Towards the end of , he was hospitalized, semi-comatose from the effects of a pethidine addiction. According to his primary care physician , Dr.
George C. Nichopoulos , Presley "felt that by getting drugs from a doctor, he wasn't the common everyday junkie getting something off the street".
Presley's condition declined precipitously in September. Keyboardist Tony Brown remembered Presley's arrival at a University of Maryland concert: "He fell out of the limousine, to his knees.
People jumped to help, and he pushed them away like, 'Don't help me. Everybody's looking at each other like, 'Is the tour gonna happen'?
He was slurring. He was so fucked up. It was obvious he was drugged. It was obvious there was something terribly wrong with his body.
It was so bad the words to the songs were barely intelligible. I remember crying. He could barely get through the introductions. So often I thought, 'Boss, why don't you just cancel this tour and take a year off?
He patted me on the back and said, 'It'll be all right. Don't you worry about it. Cultural critic Marjorie Garber wrote that he was now widely seen as a garish pop crooner: "In effect, he had become Liberace.
Even his fans were now middle-aged matrons and blue-haired grandmothers. On July 13, , Vernon Presley—who had become deeply involved in his son's financial affairs—fired " Memphis Mafia " bodyguards Red West Presley's friend since the s , Sonny West , and David Hebler, citing the need to "cut back on expenses".
Another associate of Presley's, John O'Grady, argued that the bodyguards were dropped because their rough treatment of fans had prompted too many lawsuits.
RCA, which had enjoyed a steady stream of product from Presley for over a decade, grew anxious as his interest in spending time in the studio waned. After a December session that produced 18 songs, enough for almost two albums, he did not enter the studio in Despite concerns from his label and manager, between July and October Presley recorded virtually the entire contents of six albums.
Though he was no longer a major presence on the pop charts, five of those albums entered the top five of the country chart, and three went to number one: Promised Land , From Elvis Presley Boulevard, Memphis, Tennessee , and Moody Blue Eight studio singles from this period released during his lifetime were top ten hits on one or both charts, four in alone.
Presley and Linda Thompson split in November , and he took up with a new girlfriend, Ginger Alden. Hugely overweight, his mind dulled by the pharmacopia he daily ingested, he was barely able to pull himself through his abbreviated concerts.
According to Guralnick, fans "were becoming increasingly voluble about their disappointment, but it all seemed to go right past Presley, whose world was now confined almost entirely to his room and his spiritualism books.
In the first, shot in Omaha on June 19, Presley's voice, Guralnick writes, "is almost unrecognizable, a small, childlike instrument in which he talks more than sings most of the songs, casts about uncertainly for the melody in others, and is virtually unable to articulate or project".
The book Elvis: What Happened? He was devastated by the book and tried unsuccessfully to halt its release by offering money to the publishers.
Einen Tag vor seinem Todestag wurde ihm auf seinem Graceland-Anwesen in Memphis, Tennessee gedacht, auch wenn das bedeutete, dieses Jahr Masken tragen und Abstand halten zu müssen.
Bei Sonnenuntergang kehrten am Samstagabend hunderte von Menschen ein, um bei Kerzenlicht eine Mahnwache zu halten, Blumen, Briefe und Fotos niederzulegen und einen Blick auf die Grabstätte des Ausnahmemusikers zu werfen.
Auf Grund des derzeitigen Coronavirus konnte das Event nicht wie üblich unbedarft stattfinden. Konnte in den vergangenen Jahren jeder vorbeischauen, um dem Sänger die letzte Ehre zu erweisen, so war dieses Jahr die Besucheranzahl begrenzt, und auch die diesjährigen Besucher mussten sich an strenge Regeln halten.
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Press Play For Murder. Geplant war zunächst ein reines Weihnachts-Special. Im Frühjahr wurden die Planungen konkreter, als zum einen der Nähmaschinenhersteller Singer als Sponsor gewonnen werden konnte und zum anderen NBC ein junges und erfolgreiches Produzententeam für das Special vorschlug: Bones Howe und Steve Binder.
Die enge Zusammenarbeit zwischen dem Produzententeam und Presley resultierte in einer Fernsehshow, die nichts mehr mit einem Weihnachts-Special zu tun hatte.
Die er-Jahre standen ganz im Zeichen von Live-Auftritten. Es war das erste in zahlreichen Ländern der Welt per Satellit live ausgestrahlte Konzert eines Soloentertainers und machte ihn endgültig zum internationalen Superstar.
Im Januar entschloss sich Presley, erstmals seit wieder in seinem Wohnort Memphis aufzunehmen.
Dort produzierte der Gitarrist und Songschreiber Moman — er hatte zuvor erfolgreich für das Stax-Label gearbeitet — reihenweise Hits für eine Vielzahl auswärtiger Plattenlabel, unter anderem mit Künstlern wie Dusty Springfield und Neil Diamond.
Das Ergebnis der Sessions im American Studio war eine vielseitige Palette an Presley-Songs, die vom zeitgenössischen Soul bis zu Country-Standards reichte — darunter solche, die Elemente aus Rock, Blues und Country so einsetzten, dass sie keinem speziellen Genre zuzuordnen waren.
Hardin ersetzt wurde. Unterstützt von seinem Musikerfreund Charlie Hodge stellte Presley ein Programm zusammen, das eine Mischung aus alten und neuen Elvis-Hits, aber auch Titel anderer zeitgenössischer Interpreten vorsah.
Gekleidet in ein zweiteiliges schwarzes, an einen Karate-Gi angelehntes Outfit hatte Presley sein Publikum fest im Griff, nicht nur mit seinen Liedern, sondern auch mit seiner energetischen Bühnenshow, deren Karateeinlagen ein fester Bestandteil seiner Auftritte wurden.
Sein letztes Engagement in Las Vegas absolvierte Presley am Dezember , insgesamt gab er zwischen und Konzerte in der Spielerstadt. Er sollte sich in den folgenden Jahren nicht mehr wesentlich verändern, auch wenn immer wieder Lieder ausgetauscht wurden.
Die Performance bestimmter Songs an bestimmten Stellen des Konzerts nahm zunehmend rituellen Charakter an. Die Elvis Presley Show beinhaltete keinerlei Tanzeinlagen oder aufwändige Effekte, sondern wurde ganz von Presleys Persönlichkeit und seiner Performance — gestützt durch die Backgroundmusiker — getragen.
Zugaben wurden nicht gewährt, die Vorgruppe stellte meist ein Komiker gefolgt von Interpretationen der Backgroundsänger, häufig der Soulgruppe Sweet Inspirations.
Erst am 4. Weitere Höhepunkte waren das Silvesterkonzert im Silverdome in Pontiac am Dezember vor der Rekordzahl von über Sein letztes Konzert gab Elvis Presley am Juni in der Market Square Arena in Indianapolis.
Am Tag seines Todes, dem August , wollte er sich auf den Weg zu einer weiteren Tournee machen, die in Portland , Maine hätte beginnen sollen.
Anfang hatte sich seine Frau Priscilla von ihm getrennt; der Scheidungstermin stand im Oktober an. Zudem machten sich verstärkt gesundheitliche Probleme bemerkbar.
Wegen dieser Rahmenbedingungen und aus Zeitgründen entschloss man sich im Sommer , wieder in Memphis aufzunehmen, allerdings nicht in Chip Momans American Sound Studio, sondern beim bekannten Stax-Studio.
Dort haperte es an der technischen Ausstattung, so dass Presley die Aufnahmen zunächst nicht zu Ende brachte. Als Diagnose hatte man zunächst Herzinsuffizienz angenommen.
Es stellte sich jedoch heraus, dass sich Presley aufgrund seiner Rückenbeschwerden bei einem kalifornischen Arzt einer mehrwöchigen Behandlung unterzogen hatte, bei der ihm hohe Dosen Cortison und Demerol gespritzt worden waren.
Neben der nötigen Entgiftung wurde er auch wegen eines Megakolons , Hepatitis , eines potenziellen Magengeschwürs und chronischer Schlafstörungen behandelt, unter denen er ebenso litt wie an dem sogenannten Morbus-Reiter-Syndrom.
Die Behandlung durch eine Reihe von Spezialisten führte zu einer recht schnellen, wenn auch nicht vollständigen Genesung und Erholungsphase.
Die Aufnahmesession bei Stax konnte bereits ab dem Dezember unter technisch besseren Voraussetzungen fortgesetzt werden. Seine letzte Aufnahmesession absolvierte Presley zuhause — und zwar im Jungle Room, der seinen Namen aufgrund seiner ungewöhnlichen Einrichtung hat.
He was unique and irreplaceable. More than 20 years ago, he burst upon the scene with an impact that was unprecedented and will probably never be equaled.
His music and his personality, fusing the styles of white country and black rhythm and blues, permanently changed the face of American popular culture.
His following was immense, and he was a symbol to people the world over of the vitality, rebelliousness, and good humor of his country.
Er war einzigartig und unersetzlich. Mehr als 20 Jahre ist es her, dass er in die Szene platzte mit einer Wirkung, die es bis dahin noch nie gegeben hatte und die es wohl auch nicht mehr geben wird.
Er hatte eine riesige Anhängerschar, und er war für Menschen auf der ganzen Welt ein Symbol für die Vitalität, die Aufsässigkeit und die gute Laune seines Landes.
Elvis Presley starb am August zunächst auf dem Forrest Hill Friedhof neben seiner Mutter beerdigt. Sie kamen zu dem Schluss, dass Presley nicht an einer Herzerkrankung, sondern infolge von Polypragmasie d.
Einnahme zu vieler Medikamente verstorben war. Wegen anhaltender Gerüchte, dass das Büro des Leichenbeschauers Sachverhalte vertuscht bzw.
King genannt. Als weiteres Charakteristikum von Presleys Stimme wird immer wieder ihre Vielseitigkeit genannt, die es dem Sänger ermöglichte, in unterschiedlichen musikalischen Genres erfolgreich zu sein, die völlig verschiedene Anforderungen an die Stimme stellen.
Obwohl er nicht gelernt hatte, sicher und vorhersehbar im Passaggio zu singen, war er schon früh in der Lage, seine Stimme darüber wieder zu fokussieren.
Dies sei weniger erstaunlich, wenn man die Menge der Aufnahmen bedenke, in denen er vollkommen leicht und dennoch zielsicher Bs erreiche.
Die Kombination dieser Techniken war von Beginn an bei Presley zu hören, so unter anderem im bekannten Heartbreak Hotel von Dies zeigt sich besonders bei den Passagen broken-hearted lovers , been so long on lonely street und take a walk down lonely street sehr deutlich, wobei durchgehend lyrisch-gefühlvolle Stimmung herrscht.
Dem Boogie-Woogie liegt ein triolischer Rhythmus zugrunde, während die Achtel oft einen unerwarteten Akzent im Off-Beat setzen und so Synkopierungen und Gegenrhythmen bilden.
Dabei entsteht ein spürbarer, Bewegung einfordernder Effekt. Auch simuliert Presley häufig mittels ausgespuckter Worte und Atemringen physische Anstrengung und Leid.
Die Botschaft der Songs wurde stets eher durch die Art des Gesangs und die somit transportierte Emotionalität als durch den Songtext vermittelt.
Elvis Presley verfasste bzw. Simon Frith , Soziologe und Fachautor für Popularmusik, führt dies auf die vorherrschende Perspektive in der klassischen Musikwissenschaft zurück, in der Text und Komposition traditionell einen höheren Stellenwert einnehmen als Stimme und Gesangstechnik sowie die Performance als solche.
I never wrote a song myself. I probably could have if I sat down and tried hard enough, but I never had that urge. Weniger genau nahm er dieses Verfahren bei seinen Filmsongs.
He could sing every kind of song. He made so many mediocre songs sound great. He was one of those few people that when he recorded a song of yours he would do it the way you envisioned it and then bring something else into it.
Zwischen und gab Presley Songs zur Veröffentlichung frei, die auf etwa 60 Originalalben, 29 Extended Plays und einer kaum zu überblickenden Anzahl an Greatest-Hits-, Budget- sowie Lizenzveröffentlichungen von Fremdfirmen erschienen.
Einige schrieben ihre Songs direkt für Presley, andere erfuhren erst nach der Veröffentlichung, dass er ihren Song zu einem Hit gemacht hatte.
Manche lernten Presley persönlich kennen, einige wenige konnten ihn sogar bei der Aufnahme ihrer Songs im Studio begleiten oder sahen seine Live-Performances ihres Songs.
Er kaufte Songs ein, die Presley aufnehmen wollte,  oder für die er sich eventuell interessieren könnte. Ein bekanntes Beispiel für einen Riesenhit, bei dem dies nicht gelang, ist Suspicious Minds aus dem Jahr Presley führte zu keinem Zeitpunkt während seiner Karriere selbst Vertragsverhandlungen, er konzentrierte sich ganz auf den künstlerischen Aspekt seiner Arbeit.
Dass der Star, der vertraglich zu bis zu drei Alben plus Singles im Jahr verpflichtet war, sich jedoch sehr wohl über die strukturellen Veränderungen in der Musikverlagsszene im Klaren war, demonstrierte er während der Pressekonferenz im Vorfeld zu seinen Konzerten im New Yorker Madison Square Garden im Juni Hier bestätigte er, es sei wegen der fortschreitenden Individualisierung — immer mehr Songschreiber gründeten ihre eigenen Verlage — schwieriger, an wirklich gute Songs zu kommen.
Gleichzeitig betonte er, dass er offen für jeden guten Song sei, egal ob dieser nun über seine Verlage oder individuell seinen Weg zu ihm fände.
Denn diese Verlagsrechte behielt Elvis Presley auch nach der bis heute kontrovers diskutierten — und häufig irreführend als Ausverkauf seiner musikalischen Rechte — bezeichneten Vertragsänderung mit der Plattenfirma RCA vom März , mit der Elvis Presley für die Gesamtsumme von 5,4 Millionen US-Dollar auf die ihm vertraglich zustehende Zahlung seiner Künstlertantiemen aus dem weiteren Verkauf von Tonträgern aller bis zu diesem Zeitpunkt aufgenommenen Lieder verzichtete.
Well, both of those stories are wrong. Mit einer akustischen Gitarre war er auf zahlreichen Plattencovern abgebildet, in den meisten seiner Filme und auf der Bühne zu sehen.
Als virtuoser und innovativer Leadgitarrist ist Presley jedoch nie in Erscheinung getreten; die Gitarre war für ihn in erster Linie Begleitinstrument und fungierte als solches live oft auch nur als Showelement.
Kurz nachdem Presley als Elfjähriger seine erste Gitarre geschenkt bekommen hatte, entdeckte er ein weiteres Instrument für sich: das Klavier, das Biografin Elaine Dundy als sein eigentliches Instrument bezeichnet.
Praktisch überall, wo er sich länger aufhielt auch während seiner Militärzeit in Deutschland , hatte er ein Klavier, denn es gehörte zu seinen liebsten Freizeitbeschäftigungen, gemeinsam mit Freunden am Klavier zu singen.
Zusammen mit der jeweiligen Gesangsdarbietung stellte es einen emotionalen Höhepunkt dar und war daher bei den Konzertbesuchern sehr beliebt.
He came to the sessions, picked the songs, and if something in the arrangement was changed, he was the one to change it. Everything worked out spontaneously.
Nothing was really rehearsed. Many of the important decisions normally made previous to a recording session were made during the session. Als Produzent verfolgte Phillips die Strategie, seinen Musikern einen Rahmen für die eigene Kreativität zu geben, ohne ihnen Vorgaben zu machen, was und vor allem wie sie zu spielen hatten.
Er konzentrierte sich in erster Linie darauf, den richtigen Moment für eine Aufnahme zu erfassen, ohne in den kreativen Prozess direkt einzugreifen.
Da es nur wenige Möglichkeiten gab, Fehler in einer Aufnahme nachträglich zu korrigieren, wurde ein Stück so lange komplett wiederholt, bis eine Aufnahme wirklich gelungen war.
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